Die wichtigsten Mazedonischen Städte auf einen Blick - Informationen noch in englischer Sprache.
Skopje is the capital of the Republic of Macedonia. Today Skopje is a modern city, but at the same time an ancient city with deep roots in the past and with a rich history. Today Skopje is a beautiful modern city which is becoming an important diplomatic centre in the Balkans, especially with being the political, economic, cultural and academic centre of Macedonia. It is also the major industrial, trading and banking centre of Macedonia. The town was known as early as the Roman period under the name of Skupi. It was attacked by barbarian tribes and destroyed in an earthquake.
Berovo and Pehcevo are small cities placed in the Malesevian Mountains in Eastern part of Macedonia. This region has extremely beautiful nature and still undiscovered beauties. Near the cities is one of the biggest river in Macedonia Bregalnica and also 30 years ago near the Berovo town was build the artificial lake where during the summer the hotels and private capacities are almost full visited by quests from the country and abroad. These region is also rich with many mineral water springs.
Bitolais an old, beautiful settlement with a rich cultural tradition which can be seen from the remaining from the archaeological locality – Heraclea Linkestis. Heraclea is the oldest archaeological locality in Macedonia dating from the roman period. It was alive for almost one millennium. The archaeological researches tell us about the civilization. It’s characteristic are as well Shirok Sokak, the Old Bitola Bazaar, the city tradition, the councillor’s past, the Clock tower, churches and mosques, the Pelister mountain and the five-spine Molika tree. Pelister is 2601 meter above the sea level high. It is unique for its mountain landscape and has been declared a national park. It is an outing place in summer and a ski-centre in winter.
Negotino and Kavadarci
The grapes orchards extended on the both sides of the river Vardar, the wine and the rakija are surely becoming a wide known sign for the towns of Negotino and Kavadarci which are one of the best known wine growing towns in the Balkans as well as in Europe. The wines Smederevka, Kratosija, Vitac, Country white, Aleksandria and others are produced in the wine cellars of the plant Tikves and have been awarded many international awards. They are the pride of the Macedonian wine production.
Prilepis situated in the Prilep Field which is contained in the north part of the largest valey in Macedonia, Pelagonija. The territory of the city and its countryside were one of the most important strategically, political and military places in this part of the Balkans. Many important crossroads ("Via Ignazia" and "Via Militaris"), which led from Greece to Adriatic see, were crossing Pelagonija. Prilep was the center of the larger political and territorial organization, and important political and military place where Macedonian king Samuel used to stay. On the hill of Marco's Fortress is found one of the five largest palaces in the Balkans that contains three defense levels and many buildings and gates. On 11th of October 1941 in Prilep started the armed revolution of the Macedonian people for its national freedom and independence, against fascism. Prilep is famous world center for Tobacco and Marble production. The quality of the tobacco and the marble are specially known in the world.
The city of Strumicais situated in the Strumica Valley in southeastern Macedonia. Strumica and the Strumica Valley enjoy a temperate Mediterranean climate, especially along the Strumica River valley. The characteristic warm and dry summers and cold and wet winters result in temperatures that can reach up to and over 40 degrees Celsius in the summer and drop as low as -20 degrees Celsius in the winter. Due to its unique Mediterranean climate, the Strumica Valley is the largest producer of early market garden produce in Macedonia. Other agricultural products include poppy, cotton, tobacco, sesame, peanuts, and anasaon, a rare culture used to produce the famous Macedonian Mastika, which is also made in Strumica. Apart from agriculture, Strumica is also known for its textile and the non-metals and ceramics industries.
Tetovois a town lying at the foothills of the Shar Mountains and has a well-developed textile and clothing industry, and a massive plant for the production of chromium and ferrosilicon. The comparative advantages of the Polog valley have been well used for the development of agriculture, especially market-gardening and fruit growing. More recently, Tetovo has become a centre of private business and trade. Countless small shops have been opened where one can buy almost everything. The well-known ski resort of Popova Sapka lies above Tetovo in the Shar Mountains, and is linked to the town by a road and a cable railway.
The town of Ohrid (known as Lichnidos in the Roman Empire)) has been in existence for about 2500 years and was built on the main Roman road Via Egnatia that used to connect the western and the eastern Empire. The first Slav University was founded by Clement and Naum and opened in the area called Plaosnik , where 3500 well chosen pupils were educated. The Ohrid literary school reached all Slav countries including Russia. Clement became the patron saint and protector of Ohrid. With the Pope’s permission the church at that time, was given a status of a Patriarchate. The spiritual center used to have more than 300 churches. The fresco painting dominates in many churches being a priceless treasure. The modern town of Ohrid, is nowadays a spiritual, cultural and tourist center in Macedonia. Reading about this town one feels like going through the whole history of this biblical country of Macedonia. In 1980 the town of Ohrid entered the UNESCO list of heritage due to its priceless riches.Lake Ohrid is the oldest lake in Europe and in the world. Formed tectonically between 4 and 10 million years ago, the lake is situated in karstic, or limestone bedrock. Lake Ohrid is probably unique in the world in that its water is supplied mainly through spring water from numerous surface and underwater springs.
Stip is a significant cultural, educational and economic center of Eastern Macedonia. The textile and fashion industries are located in this town. Stip is also known by the church of St. Archangel build in 1332 which is the oldest church in Stip and the church of St. Bogorodica (in the yard of this church there is a school where at the end of the 19th century Goce Delcev, who was an ideologist of the Macedonian national liberation movement, was a teacher). There is also a large Turkish konak, which has been turned into art gallery (named Bezisten). Only few kilometers from the city there is a classic city Bargala known by mineral water.